Rangoli is a traditional Indian art used to decorate the ground in front of houses and places of worship to attract Lakshmi, the Hindu Goddess of Wealth. Designs are created using decorative patterns marked out on the floor. The drawing of Rangoli patterns is often combined with rituals associated with auspicious occasions, such as major festivals and celebrations.
Rangoli installations are usually created by women of the household in villages in parts of India. In some places, it is a daily ritual to clean the entrance to the home and then make these beautiful designs in doorways as a welcome message.
The method of application varies depending on the materials being used. Water is added to dry powdered materials and pigments to make a paint and then to coloured sawdust, rice or desiccated coconut may be delicately sprinkled in a thin trail through the thumb and fingers.
As the Rangoli patterns are usually created freehand, the artist must be very skilful and the technique requires much concentration and a steady hand, as well as design and mathematical skills.
Different names may be applied to the Rangoli in different parts of India. There are Alpana from West Bengal, Aripan from Bihar and Orissa, Sathiya from Gujarat, Mandana from Raysatham, Kolam from Tamil Nadu and Rangoli from Maharashtra.
Swastik Rangoli – Rangoli artists of Vadodara (earstwhile Baroda) started working collectively in 1985 as a group named SWASTIK RANGOLI KALAKAR GROUP.
Diwali Festive – Diwali is one of the biggest festival of Hindus, celebrated with great enthusiasm and happiness in India.